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Melasma is the most common skin issue for every individual. Melasma is a skin condition with a symmetrical, blotchy, brownish to blackish facial pigmentation. Melasma is sometimes called the “mask of pregnancy” because it often affects pregnant women. Generally melasma occurs mainly on face areas, such as cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, chin and above the upper lip.
Melasma basically darkens and lightens over time, often getting worse in the summer and better in the winter.
The cause of melasma is complex and varied. Usually, the pigmentation mainly occurs out of overproduction of melanin by the pigment cells of the skin in our body. Melasma is more common for those who have brown skin because they have more active melanocytes as compared to those people with lighter skin. It is normally triggered by sun exposure, hormonal changes, medications and certain skin care products.
Generally there are two main causes of melasma: radiations and hormones. Ultraviolet and infrared radiation from the sun are key factors in making melasma worse. Other possible causes of melasma include antiseizure medications, estrogen, genetics, LED screens, pregnancy, cosmetics etc.
The signs and symptoms of melasma include:
The patches normally occur symmetrically on the cheeks, forehead, nose, chin and jawline.
Though there exists many advanced treatments, the response of melasma to treatments remains variable. No single treatment can ensure a total and permanent relief from melasma.
At our clinic, to provide the best melasma treatment in Patna, our specialist will customise treatment based on your skin and recommend regular maintenance to reduce melasma and prevent its recurrence. Treatment may be prescribed as standalone or combo treatment based on the type, cause and severity of your skin condition. The best treatments for Melasma include:
Today there are plenty of ways to reduce melasma appearance and the latest one is through laser technology (like Q-Switch Nd-yag).
Melasma is one of the deeper pigmentation that can be treated using Q-switch NdYAG laser by shattering pigment deposits under the skin. This treatment is a low-energy laser treatment which is an efficacious treatment to reduce the appearance of the melasma on the skin.
But not to forget that, preventing exposure to UV rays is the most crucial step in treating melasma, as even mild sun damage can increase, trigger or cause recurrence. It is mandatory to use sun protection with every treatment option.
There is no pain involved in any of the melasma treatments, although you may have temporary discomfort with chemical peels and microneedling.
Possible side-effects of melasma treatments may cause temporary skin irritation. This may happen due to the individuality of skin types but this also fades away as the skin adjusts to the medicines.
"We know melasma as one of the most common skin pigmentation disorders but medical research has some catching up to do. If you have dark skin, it’s important not only to seek medical care & examination but also to be your own advocate. By being proactive, you’ll set yourself on the road to recover from melasma.”
To know more about the best melasma treatment in Patna, Contact Dr. Punkesh’s Advance Skin Hair & Laser Clinic.