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Corn and Calluses

Ever wondered why the painful sores on your feet or hands must grow at all? These painful build-ups of hard and thick areas of skin are termed corns and calluses. Corns and calluses predominately grow on your hands or feet, although they may be chosen to form on any region that is prone to constant friction and rubbing. Sometimes excess pressure due to ill-fitted shoes or rubbing can also cause the formation of corns and calluses. There are many preventive measures that one can take to avoid the growth of corn and calluses because they tend to be really painful and may affect your daily lifestyle.

What are Corns and Calluses?

Commonly found on hands, feet, and fingers, corns are hardened skin build-up caused due to intense friction or pressure. Corns develop on the top of your feet or even on the sides due to ill-fitting shoes. Corns can be classified as hard corn, soft corn, or seed corn.

Hard corns are the hard and dense areas of the skin found typically around areas with thickened skin. Hard corns are formed when your skin is pressurized against the bones.

Soft corns are found majorly in between the toes where there is softer tissue. Soft corns are white or grey in colour and have a soft rubbery texture.

Seed corns develops on the bottom of your feet and can be painful if not treated in time. Seed corns interferes with your normal walking and can disrupt your daily activities due to discomfort.

Calluses are more irregular when compared to corn and are also found in areas of thickened skin tissues. Calluses are formed majorly on the bottom of your feet due to the pressure and weight of the body. The areas which are primarily affected are your heels, big toe, and the ball of your foot. Calluses are even found on your hands due to repeated rubbing or friction. Gymnasts, guitarists, and weightlifters suffer from calluses. Craftsmen whose work involves constant rubbing or friction with their hands also complain of calluses. The calluses are developed on the skin to prevent the soft underlying tissues from undergoing further damage and irritation.

How Painful are Corn and Calluses?

When left untreated, corn and calluses tend to be extremely discomforting and painful. You do not want the pain of corns and calluses to inhibit your daily activities. When left untreated, corns and calluses tend to become over sensitive to touch or pressure. Further rubbing and friction can make them breeding grounds for secondary infections.

What Triggers the Formation of Corns and Calluses?

Usually, lifestyle habits can trigger the formation of corns and calluses. Intense friction is the primary reason why these corns and calluses flare up. Some major lifestyle habits are enlisted below:

  • Not Wearing Shoes that Fit Properly. The human feet are designed to bear the entire body weight, and covering them with shoes that do not fit properly, leads to the build-up of corn and calluses. Ill-fitting shoes rub against the skin of your feet and cause pressure build-up. The skin cells get irritated and start developing these hardened growths as a natural defence to protect the underlying soft tissues from being affected.

  • Not Wearing Socks with Footwear. Footwear is made of hardened fabric to prevent easy wear and tear. But at the same time, it rubs against the soft tissues of the feet as well. Wearing socks forms a soft protective layer and prevents direct friction between the footwear material and the feet. People who tend to wear socks have gentler skin as compared to people who prefer not to wear them. Wearing socks also distributes the pressure and temperature evenly throughout the feet without concentrating pressure on specific regions.
  • Going Barefoot is a Big NO! Barefoot walking or exercise can lead to a concentration of pressure on a specific region of the feet, especially near the bones. The foot comes in direct contact with the hardened flooring, which can directly rupture the soft tissues of your feet and act as a point of infection.
  • Structural Deformities of the Foot: Some people have structural deformities of the foot, which causes them to adapt to incorrect walking or standing postures. This results in uneven pressure build-up and has been known to cause corn and calluses.
What are the Symptoms of Corn and Calluses?

Typically found on the hardened tissues of your body, you must check for the following symptoms if you suffer from discomfort while walking or carrying out your daily activities.

  • Thickened and hardened skin around the skin of your feet or soles.
  • Raised bumps that are sensitive to touch or pressure.
  • Red and painful blisters
  • Small raised bumps that cause discomfort while wearing footwear.
Treatment for Corns and Calluses:

If the pain of corn and calluses extends a certain threshold and you are unable to manage it solely using home care remedies, you need to entrust yourself at the care of our clinical experts. We have the necessary trained expertise as well as the required medical options to help you soothe your pain and get rid of the corn and calluses. Our clinical experts are first going to visually examine your affected area and execute the necessary treatment for the redressal of the point of severity.

  • The corn and calluses formation can be skilfully trimmed away using dedicated tools. This gradually diminishes the formation of the corn and calluses. The clients are not advised to carry out such procedures at home as they may risk infection.

  • Medicated patches are readily available at our clinic, which contains salicylic acid. The gel applied through these patches works a great way to bear down the formation of corn and calluses and provide long time relief from the constant pain.

  • Shoe inserts are a great way to address underlying foot deformity. These are readily available or can even be custom-made to prevent the regrowth of corn and calluses. They provide a soft cushion for your feet and prevent them from experiencing undirected pressure or friction.

Corns and calluses are not fatal conditions. Neither are they contagious. But they are all linked to self-esteem! We are always worried about the skin on the face and body and often neglect the skin on the feet and hands. Regular pedicures and manicures help to get rid of the excess skin cell build-up and must be followed on a regular basis for self-care. Also, wearing clean footwear and regular washing of socks and fabrics is a must to maintain overall hygiene! Keeping your hands and feet moisturized before dozing off to sleep is also important for preventing the reoccurrence of corns and calluses.


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